Cataract is an opacity or cloudiness in the natural lens of the eye. It is still the leading cause of blindness worldwide.
When the lens is partially opaque, it is called an immature cataract and some light can pass through to help perform some routine functions. However, when the opacity increases to engulf the entire lens, vision is totally cut off and the cataract is mature.
Aging is the most common cause. With age, proteins of the lens get altered and opacified leading to cataract. Other causes include congenital and developmental anomalies, trauma, inflammation of the eye, metabolic diseases like Diabetes, Hypothyroidism etc.
Cataract makes simple tasks difficult and in some cases impossible to perform. This happens on account of:
- Cloudy or Blurred Vision.
- Changes in one’s perception of colors.
- Sensitivity to bright lamps or sunlight.
- Poor night vision.
- Difficulty in driving especially at night.
- Frequent changes in eye glass prescription.
Treatment options for Cataract
The most common form of cataract surgery today is the process called Phacoemulsification. With the use of an operating microscope, your surgeon will make a very small incision in the surface of the eye in or near the cornea.
Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (Phacoemulsification)